Description

Perovskites are among the most famous materials due to their exceptional properties: they present nearly all existing types of interesting properties, in particular as ferroics or multiferroics, they may be insulators, (super)conductors, or semiconductors, magnetoresistant, they are used in numerous devices, they present hundreds of variants and different crystalline phases and phase transitions, and recently appeared as probably the most promising materials for photovoltaics. With a crystal structure characterized by octahedra that share their corners, these materials belong to the wider category of « Framework Structure (FWS) materials » the structure of which is based on units (octahedra, tetrahedra, …) that share some of their corners (or edges) with their neighbours. This particular feature of FWS materials confers to them unique properties. This review volume is constituted of 26 chapters on different aspects, and is divided in two parts, « Fundamental aspects and general properties », and « Elaborated materials and applied properties ». Its main purpose is to attempt to identify the properties common to all members of the vast family of FWS materials, and understand their differences. Besides perovskites, derived compounds as 2D perovskites, Dion-Jacobson, Ruddlesden-Popper, Aurivillius, tungsten-bronzes, and others, are presented, and their preparation and/or properties as single crystals, ceramics, thin films, multilayers, nanomaterials, nanofibers, nanorods, etc, are discussed. We focus on new trends and important recent developments by leaving somewhat aside more classical aspects which can be easily found in older textbooks or review articles. Among most recent applications, this volume focuses on applications related with interactions with other molecules, on photovoltaics, and on memories, with a special attention to perovskite solar cells that have certainly attracted the most attention of researchers in recent years, opening extremely promising routes in photovoltaics.

In conclusion, this book presents a collection of texts elucidating various aspects of the relation between structural organization (including dynamical aspects) and singular properties of framework crystals; it proposes a reasonable balance between experimental and theoretical results, and between fundamental aspects and applied properties.

 

Octahedra-tilts

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